Elderly pedestrian injuries in Singapore
Wang, Yue Ying, Haque, Md. Mazharul, & Chin, Hoong Chor (2016) Elderly pedestrian injuries in Singapore. Journal of Transportation Safety & Security. (In Press)
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During the last decade, traffic injury rates of elderly pedestrians in Singapore were more than twice of those for pedestrians of all ages. This paper aims to identify the factors and situations influencing the injury severity of elderly pedestrians involved in vehicle-pedestrian crashes. Six years of crash data from 2003 to 2008 containing about 805 elderly pedestrian crashes were analysed. The injury severity was modeled as a function of roadway characteristics, traffic features, environmental factors as well as driver and pedestrian characteristics using a random-parameter ordered Probit model that accounts for unobserved heterogeneities in the population. Results show that the likelihood of fatal injury is higher during night time. While the probabilities of fatal or serious injury are higher along high-speed roads and at three-legged intersections, the corresponding probabilities are lower if the crash involving elderly pedestrians happens at signalized intersections. Elderly pedestrians appear to be more involved in fatal and serious injury crashes when they attempt to cross the road away from any at-grade crossing facility or cross unlawfully within 50m of grade-separated crossing facilities. Based on the findings of this study, specific countermeasures are recommended to improve safety of elderly pedestrians.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||elderly pedestrian safety, random parameters, ordered probit model, Singapore, countermeasures|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Transport Engineering (090507)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ECONOMICS (140000) > ECONOMETRICS (140300) > Econometric and Statistical Methods (140302)
|Divisions:||Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2016 Taylor & Francis|
|Deposited On:||21 Jun 2016 22:57|
|Last Modified:||26 Jun 2016 04:17|
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