The development and preliminary evaluation of an education intervention to prevent driveway run-over incidents

Armstrong, Kerry A., Watling, Hanna, & Davey, Jeremy (2016) The development and preliminary evaluation of an education intervention to prevent driveway run-over incidents. Health Education Journal, 75(6), pp. 652-663.

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  • While driveway run-over incidents continue to be a cause of serious injury and deaths among young children in Australia, few empirically evaluated educational interventions have been developed which address these incidents. Addressing this gap, this study describes the development and evaluation of a paper-based driveway safety intervention targeting caregivers of children aged 5 years or younger.


  • Cross-sectional survey.

Method and setting

  • Informed by previous research, the intervention targeted key caregiver safety behaviours that address driveway risks. To assess the impact of the intervention, 137 Queensland (Australia) caregivers (95.0% women; mean age = 34.97 years) were recruited. After receiving the intervention, changes to a number of outcomes such as caregiver risk perception, safety knowledge and behavioural intentions were measured.


  • Findings indicated that the intervention had increased general and specific situational risk awareness and safety knowledge among a substantial proportion of participants. Close to one-quarter of the sample strongly agreed that the intervention had increased these outcomes. In addition, 71.6% of the sample reported that they intended to make changes to their routine in and around the driveway, as a result of reading the intervention material and a further, quarter of the participants strongly agreed that the information provided would be a help both to themselves (26.5%) and other caregivers (33.8%) to keep their children safe in the driveway.


  • While the educational intervention requires further validation, findings from this study suggest that intervention content and format increases driveway safety.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 94951
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Australia, children, injury prevention, motor vehicles, supervision
DOI: 10.1177/0017896915609742
ISSN: 0017-8969
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Deposited On: 20 Apr 2016 02:35
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2016 23:14

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