Elucidating the neuropsychological profile of apathetic syndrome and disinhibition syndrome in a brain-injured population in Oman

Al-Adawi, Samir, Al-Naamani, Aziz, Al-Farsi, Yahya, Essa, Musthafa M., Burke, David T., El-Bouri, May, Armstrong, Kerry, Edwards, Jason, Al-Muscati, Sura, MacFarland, Aida Saihi, & Al Maashani, Ali (2016) Elucidating the neuropsychological profile of apathetic syndrome and disinhibition syndrome in a brain-injured population in Oman. International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases, 6(1), pp. 35-45.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the neuropsychological performance of two frontal dysexecutive phenotypes - disinhibited&' syndrome (DS) and &'apathetic&' syndrome (AS) following a traumatic brain injury in a non-western population, Oman. Methods: The study compared the performance of DS and AS in neuropsychological measures including those tapping into verbal reasoning ability/working memory/attention planning/goal-directed behavior and affective ranges. Results: The present analysis showed that DS and AS participants did not differ on indices measuring working memory/attention and affective ranges. However, the two cohorts differed significantly in measures of planning/goal-directed behaviour. Conclusion: This study lays the groundwork for further scrutiny in delineating the different characteristics of what has been previously labelled as frontal dysexecutive phenotype. This study indicates that DS and AS are marked with specific neuropsychological deficits.

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ID Code: 94952
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Apathetic syndrome, cognitive measures, disinhibition syndrome, executive functioning, neuropsychology, Oman, traumatic brain injury
DOI: 10.4103/2231-0738.173787
ISSN: 2231-0738
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Deposited On: 20 Apr 2016 01:53
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2016 03:42

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