Lateral impact derailment mechanisms, simulation and analysis

Ling, Liang, Dhanasekar, Manicka, Thambiratnam, David, & Sun, Yan Q. (2016) Lateral impact derailment mechanisms, simulation and analysis. Journal of Impact Engineering, 94, pp. 36-49.

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Lateral collisions between heavy road vehicles and passenger trains at level crossings and the associated derailments are serious safety issues. This paper presents a detailed investigation of the dynamic responses and derailment mechanisms of trains under lateral impact using a multi-body dynamics simulation method. Formulation of a three-dimensional dynamic model of a passenger train running on a ballasted track subject to lateral impact caused by a road truck is presented. This model is shown to predict derailment due to wheel climb and car body overturning mechanisms through numerical examples. Sensitivities of the truck speed and mass, wheel/rail friction and the train suspension to the lateral stability and derailment of the train are reported. It is shown that improvements to the design of train suspensions, including secondary and inter-vehicle lateral dampers have higher potential to mitigate the severity of the collision-induced derailments.

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ID Code: 94965
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Lateral impact, Truck collision, Passenger train, Level crossing, Multi-body modelling
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2016.04.001
ISSN: 0734-743X
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
Deposited On: 19 Apr 2016 01:02
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2016 05:17

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