Fabrication of Fe-doped WO3 films for NO2 sensing at lower operating temperature
Tesfamichael, Tuquabo, Piloto, Carlo, Arita, Masashi, & Bell, John (2015) Fabrication of Fe-doped WO3 films for NO2 sensing at lower operating temperature. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 221, pp. 393-400.
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Fe-doped tungsten oxide thin films with different concentrations (0 to 2.6 at%) were synthesized on glass and alumina substrates at room temperature using DC reactive sputtering and subsequently annealed at 300oC for 1 hour in air. The alumina substrate has pre-printed interdigitated Pt-electrodes for gas sensing measurements. The effects of Fe-doping on the film structure and morphology, electronic and optical properties for gas sensing were investigated. The grain size of the different films on the alumina and Pt regions of the substrate vary only slightly between 43-57 nm with median size of about 50 nm. Raman spectra showed that the integrated intensity of W=O to O–W–O bands increases with increasing Fe concentrations and this indicated an increase in the number of defects. From XPS the different concentrations of the Fe-doped films were 0.03 at%, 1.33 at% and 2.6 at%. All the films deposited on glass substrate have shown similar visible transmittance (about 70%) but the optical band gap of the pure film decreased form 3.30 eV to 3.15 eV after doping with 2.6 at% Fe. The Fe-doped WO3 film with the highest Fe concentration (2.6 at% Fe) has shown an enhanced gas sensing properties to NO2 at relatively lower operating temperature (150oC) and this can be attributed to the decrease in the optical band gap and an increase in the number of defects compared to the pure WO3 film.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||nanostructure thin films, tungsten oxide, Fe-doping, optical band gap, NO2 gas sensing, low operating temperature|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Chancellery
Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Facilities:||Science and Engineering Centre|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V.|
|Copyright Statement:||This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/|
|Deposited On:||25 Apr 2016 23:23|
|Last Modified:||01 May 2016 05:02|
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