In-training assessment - Its potential in enhancing clinical teaching

Spike, N., Alexander, Heather, Elliott, S., Hazlett, C., Kilminster, S., Prideaux, D., & Roberts, T. (2000) In-training assessment - Its potential in enhancing clinical teaching. Medical Education, 34(10), pp. 858-861.

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In-training assessment (ITA) has established its place alongside formative and summative assessment at both the undergraduate and postgraduate level. In this paper the authors aimed to identify those characteristics of ITA that could enhance clinical teaching.


A literature review and discussions by an expert working group at the Ninth Cambridge Conference identified the aspects of ITA that could enhance clinical teaching.


The features of ITA identified included defining the specific benefits to the learner, teacher and institution, and highlighting the patient as the context for ITA and clinical teaching. The ‘mapping’ of a learner’s progress towards the clinical teaching objectives by using multiple assessments over time, by multiple observers in both a systematic and opportunistic way correlates with the incremental nature of reaching clinical competence.


The importance of ITA based on both direct and indirect evidence of what the learner actually does in the real clinical setting is emphasized. Particular attention is given to addressing concerns in the more controversial areas of assessor training, ratings and documentation for ITA. Areas for future research are also identified.

Impact and interest:

14 citations in Scopus
11 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 95209
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Clinical clerkship, organization, Clinical competence, standards, Learning, clinical education, competence, conference paper, evaluation, medical education, patient, peer review, scoring system, Clinical Clerkship, Clinical Competence, Educational Measurement, Humans, Mentors, Students, Medical
DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2923.2000.00755.x
ISSN: 0308-0110
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Copyright Owner: Blackwell Science Ltd 2000
Deposited On: 28 Apr 2016 04:02
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2016 02:39

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