Dynamic Response: Real-Time Adaptation for Music Emotion

Livingstone, Steven R. & Brown, Andrew R. (2005) Dynamic Response: Real-Time Adaptation for Music Emotion. In Second Australasian conference on Interactive entertainment, Sydney.


Music plays an enormous role in today's computer games; it serves to elicit emotion, generate interest and convey important information. Traditional gaming music is fixed at the event level, where tracks loop until a state change is triggered. This behaviour however does not reflect musically the in-game state between these events. We propose a dynamic music environment, where music tracks adjust in real-time to the emotion of the in game state. We are looking to improve the affective response to symbolic music through the modification of structural and performative characteristics through the application of rule-based techniques. In this paper we undertake a multidiscipline approach, and present a series of primary music-emotion structural rules for implementation. The validity of these rules was tested in small study involving eleven participants, each listening to six permutations from two musical works.
Preliminary results indicate that the environment was generally successful in influencing the emotion of the musical works for three of the intended four directions (happy, sad and content/dreamy). Our secondary aim of establishing that the use of music-emotion rules, sourced predominantly from Western classical music, could be applied with comparable results to modern computer gaming music was also generally successfully.

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ID Code: 9525
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
ISBN: 0975153323
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN CREATIVE ARTS AND WRITING (190000) > PERFORMING ARTS AND CREATIVE WRITING (190400) > Musicology and Ethnomusicology (190409)
Divisions: Past > Research Centres > Australasian CRC for Interaction Design (ACID)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Creative Industries Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 (The authors)
Deposited On: 17 Sep 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:17

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