Investigating the effect of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) on postoperative pain intensity in adolescents undergoing surgery: A randomized controlled trial

Maroufi, Mohsen, Zamani, Shahla, Izadikhah, Zahra, Marofi, Maryam, & O'Connor, Peter (2016) Investigating the effect of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) on postoperative pain intensity in adolescents undergoing surgery: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 72(9), pp. 2207-2217.

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Abstract

Aim

To investigate the efficacy of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing for postoperative pain management in adolescents.

Background

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing is an inexpensive, non-pharmacological intervention that has successfully been used to treat chronic pain. It holds promise in the treatment of acute, postsurgical pain based on its purported effects on the brain and nervous system.

Design

A randomized controlled trial was used.

Methods

Fifty-six adolescent surgical patients aged between 12-18 years were allocated to gender-balanced Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (treatment) or non-Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (control) groups. Pain was measured using the Wong-Baker FACES® Pain Rating Scale (WBFS) before and after the intervention (or non-intervention for the control group).

Findings

A Wilcoxon signed-rank test demonstrated that the Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing group experienced a significant reduction in pain intensity after treatment intervention, whereas the control group did not. Additionally, a Mann–Whitney U-test showed that, while there was no significant difference between the two groups at time 1, there was a significant difference in pain intensity between the two groups at time 2, with the Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing group experiencing lower levels of pain.

Conclusion

These results suggest that Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing may be an effective treatment modality for postoperative pain.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 95498
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Adolescent Health, EMDR, Nursing, Pain, Surgery
DOI: 10.1111/jan.12985
ISSN: 0309-2402
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Deposited On: 11 May 2016 22:55
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2016 03:02

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