Proteomic identification of putative microRNA394 target genes in Arabidopsis thaliana identifies MLP family members critical for normal development

Litholdo, Celso G. Jr., Parker, Benjamin L., Eamens, Andrew L., Larsen, Martin R., Cordwell, Stuart J., & Waterhouse, Peter M. (2016) Proteomic identification of putative microRNA394 target genes in Arabidopsis thaliana identifies MLP family members critical for normal development. Molecular and Cellular Proteomics, 15(6), pp. 2033-2047.

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Expression of the F-Box protein Leaf Curling Responsiveness (LCR) is regulated by microRNA, miR394, and alterations to this interplay in Arabidopsis thaliana produce defects in leaf polarity and shoot apical meristem (SAM) organisation. Although the miR394-LCR node has been documented in Arabidopsis, the identification of proteins targeted by LCR F-box itself has proven problematic. Here, a proteomic analysis of shoot apices from plants with altered LCR levels identified a member of the Major Latex Protein (MLP) family gene as a potential LCR F-box target. Bioinformatic and molecular analyses also suggested that other MLP family members are likely to be targets for this post-translational regulation. Direct interaction between LCR F-Box and MLP423 was validated. Additional MLP members had reduction in protein accumulation, in varying degrees, mediated by LCR F-Box. Transgenic Arabidopsis lines, in which MLP28 expression was reduced through an artificial miRNA technology, displayed severe developmental defects, including changes in leaf patterning and morphology, shoot apex defects, and eventual premature death. These phenotypic characteristics resemble those of Arabidopsis plants modified to over-express LCR. Taken together, the results demonstrate that MLPs are driven to degradation by LCR, and indicate that MLP gene family is target of miR394-LCR regulatory node, representing potential targets for directly post-translational regulation mediated by LCR F-Box. In addition, MLP28 family member is associated with the LCR regulation that is critical for normal Arabidopsis development.

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ID Code: 95507
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: LC-MS/MS, microRNA394, LCR F-Box, MLP proteins, Arabidopsis, Gene regulation, Plant development
DOI: 10.1074/mcp.M115.053124
ISSN: 1535-9476
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Tropical Crops and Biocommodities
Current > Schools > School of Earth, Environmental & Biological Sciences
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc
Deposited On: 12 May 2016 03:24
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2016 07:38

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