Frequent peer problems in Australian children and adolescents

Denham, Renee, McGee, Tara Renae, Eriksson, Li, McGrath, John, Norman, Rosana, Sawyer, Michael, & Scott, James (2016) Frequent peer problems in Australian children and adolescents. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 8(3), pp. 162-173.

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Abstract

Purpose

  • Whilst overt bullying has received considerable attention for its negative impact on the emotional well-being of children and adolescents, peer problems such as excessive teasing and social exclusion have received less consideration. The purpose of this paper is to examine the prevalence, demographic, and clinical correlates of frequent peer problems in children and adolescents who participated in the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being.

Design/methodology/approach

  • Participants were a nationally representative sample of 2,107 children (aged 6-12 years), and 1,490 adolescents (aged 13-17 years). Frequent peer problems (excessive teasing or social exclusion) were measured by parental report for children, and self and parental report for adolescents. Associations with a number of mental health problems were examined, including being in the clinical range for internalising and externalising symptoms, having major depressive disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or conduct disorder, low self-esteem, experiencing suicidal ideation and behaviour, or using marijuana and alcohol.

Findings

  • One in 30 children and one in 20 adolescents experienced frequent peer problems. Parents less commonly identified frequent peer problems than were self-reported by their adolescent children. Frequent peer problems were strongly associated with all mental health problems except alcohol and marijuana use.

Originality/value

  • Frequent peer problems are associated with a greatly increased risk of mental health problems. Identifying those children and adolescents with frequent peer problems provides opportunity for assessment and intervention of emotional and behavioural problems.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 95538
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: mental health, youth, Australia, peer problems
DOI: 10.1108/JACPR-11-2015-0196
ISSN: 1759-6599
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Mental Health (111714)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Deposited On: 29 Sep 2016 22:07
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2016 21:12

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