Action regulation across the adult lifespan (ARAL): A metatheory of work and aging

Zacher, Hannes, Hacker, Winfried, & Frese, Michael (2016) Action regulation across the adult lifespan (ARAL): A metatheory of work and aging. Work, Aging and Retirement, 2(3), pp. 286-306.

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The goals of this article are to integrate action regulation theory (ART) with the lifespan developmental perspective and to outline tenets of a new metatheory of work and aging. The action regulation across the adult lifespan (ARAL) theory explains how workers influence, and are influenced by, their environment across different time spans. First, the basic concepts of ART are described, including the sequential and hierarchical structure of actions, complete tasks and actions, foci of action regulation, and the action-regulating mental model. Second, principles of the lifespan developmental perspective are delineated, including development as a lifelong and multidirectional process, the joint occurrence of gains and losses, intraindividual plasticity, historical embeddedness, and contextualism. Third, propositions of ARAL theory are derived by analyzing workers’ action regulation from a lifespan developmental perspective (i.e., effects of aging on action regulation), and by analyzing aging and development in the work context from an ART perspective (i.e., effects of action regulation on age-related changes in cognition and personality). Fourth, we develop further propositions to integrate ART with lifespan theories of motivation and socioemotional experience. Finally, we discuss implications for future research and practice based on ARAL theory.

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ID Code: 95542
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Action Regulation across the Adult Lifespan, ARAL, work and aging
DOI: 10.1093/workar/waw015
ISSN: 2054-4650
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Organisational Behaviour (150311)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
Deposited On: 12 May 2016 23:16
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2016 05:24

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