Urban growth dilemmas and solutions in China: Looking forward to 2030
Wu, Yuzhe, Luo, Jiaojiao, Zhang, Xiaoling, & Skitmore, Martin (2016) Urban growth dilemmas and solutions in China: Looking forward to 2030. Habitat International, 56, pp. 42-51.
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China’s urbanization and industrialization are occupying farmland in large amounts, which is strongly driven by land finance regime. This is due to the intensified regional/local competition for manufacturing investment opportunities that push local governments to expropriate farmland at low prices while lease land at high market value to property developers. The additional revenue obtained in this way, termed financial increment in land values, can drive local economic growth, and provide associated infrastructure and other public services. At the same time, however, a floating population of large numbers of inadequately compensated land-lost farmers, although unable to become citizens, have to migrate into the urban areas for work, causing overheated employment and housing markets, with rocketing unaffordable housing prices. This, together with various micro factors relating to the party/state’s promotion/evaluation system play an essential role leading to some serious economic, environment and social consequences, e.g., on migrant welfare, the displacement of peasants and the loss of land resources that requires immediate attention.
Our question is: whether such type of urbanization is sustainable? What are the mechanisms behind such a phenomenal urbanization process? From the perspective of institutionalism, this paper aims to investigate the institutional background of the urban growth dilemma and solutions in urban China and to introduce further an inter-regional game theoretical framework to indicate why the present urbanization pattern is unsustainable. Looking forward to 2030, paradigm policy changes are made from the triple consideration of floating population, social security and urban environmental pressures. This involves:
(1) changing land increment based finance regime into land stock finance system;
(2) the citizenization of migrant workers with affordable housing, and;
(3) creating a more enlightened local government officer appraisal system to better take into account societal issues such as welfare and beyond.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||new-type urbanization, sustainable development, industrial land, property tax, affordable housing construction, land finance, land increment finance based finance regime|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2016 Elsevier|
|Copyright Statement:||Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution; Non-Commercial; No-Derivatives 4.0 International. DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.04.004|
|Deposited On:||16 May 2016 00:59|
|Last Modified:||22 May 2016 05:49|
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