Raman spectroscopic study of the basic copper sulphates-implications for copper corrosion and 'bronze disease'

Martens, Wayde N., Frost, Ray L., Kloprogge, J. Theo, & Williams, Peter A. (2003) Raman spectroscopic study of the basic copper sulphates-implications for copper corrosion and 'bronze disease'. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 34(2), pp. 145-151.

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The basic copper sulphates are of interest because of their appearance in many environmental situations such as copper pipe corrosion, restoration of brass and bronze objects, leaching from waste mineral dumps and the restoration of frescoes. The Raman spectra of the basic copper sulphate minerals antlerite, brochantite, posnjakite and langite are reported using a Nd-Yag laser operating at an excitation wavelength of 780 nm. In line with their crystal structures, each basic copper sulphate mineral has its own characteristic Raman spectrum, which enables their identification. Except for brochantite multiple bands are observed for the SO stretching vibration. Similarly multiple bands are observed for the antisymmetric SO and OSO bending regions. Hydroxyl deformation modes in the 730 to 790 cm-1 region are observed. The use of the HeNe laser operating at an excitation wavelength of 633 nm enabled the hydroxyl stretching bands of the minerals to be obtained. Antlerite and brochantite are characterised by hydroxyl stretching bands at 3580 and 3488 cm-1. The minerals posnjakite and langite display Raman hydroxyl-stretching vibrations at 3588 and 3564 cm-1. The Raman spectra of these two minerals show water OH-stretching bands at 3405, 3372 and 3260 cm-1. Raman spectroscopy allows the ready identification of these minerals.

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ID Code: 957
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: sulphate, corrosion, brochantite, anterlite, Raman spectroscopy
DOI: 10.1002/jrs.969
ISSN: 0377-0486
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (030200)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2003 John Wiley & Sons
Copyright Statement: The definite version is available on publication at www3.interscience.wiley.com
Deposited On: 06 Aug 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 12:58

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