Sex-linked personality traits and stress: Emotional skills protect feminine women from stress but not feminine men

O'Connor, Peter J. & Brown, Cressida M. (2016) Sex-linked personality traits and stress: Emotional skills protect feminine women from stress but not feminine men. Personality and Individual Differences, 99, pp. 28-32.

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In the current study, we sought to determine whether sex-linked dimensions of trait emotional intelligence (interpersonal vs intrapersonal dimensions) could account for the protective effects of sex-linked traits (masculinity, femininity) on stress. We also sought to determine whether the efficacy of characteristically masculine and feminine emotional competencies in the context of stress, might depend on whether someone is male or female. Participants were 206 white-collar workers who completed a range of questionnaires measuring masculinity, femininity, trait emotional intelligence and ongoing stress. Results demonstrated that across both men and women, masculinity and femininity protect from stress via wellbeing (a non-sex linked component of trait emotional intelligence). Results also demonstrated that, again for both men and women, masculinity protects from stress via self-control (a masculine dimension of trait emotional intelligence). More interestingly, results demonstrated that for women only, femininity protects from stress via the feminine dimension of trait emotional intelligence (emotionality). Emotionality was not found to be beneficial for feminine men in the context of stress. Results are explained in terms of established gender differences in emotional processing.

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ID Code: 95728
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Masculinity, Femininity, Stress, Trait Emotional Intelligence, Emotionality
DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.075
ISSN: 0191-8869
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Organisational Behaviour (150311)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Management
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
Deposited On: 23 May 2016 22:35
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2016 22:46

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