Motorists' knowledge, attitudes and practices towards alcohol-impaired driving/riding in Ghana

Damsere-Derry, James, Palk, Gavan, & King, Mark (2016) Motorists' knowledge, attitudes and practices towards alcohol-impaired driving/riding in Ghana. Traffic Injury Prevention.

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  • The main objective of this study was to establish the knowledge, attitudes and practices towards drink-driving/riding as a risk factor for road traffic crashes in three regional capitals in Ghana. Methods: The study used a face-to-face approach to randomly sample motorists who were accessing various services at fuel/gas stations, garages and lorry terminals in three cities in Ghana.


  • Over the previous 12 months, 24% of all motorists and 55% of motorists who were current alcohol users reported driving or riding a vehicle within an hour of alcohol intake. On the average, motorists/riders who were current alcohol users consumed four standard drinks per their drinking occasions. Generally, 83% of motorists who currently use alcohol walked, rode or drove home after consuming alcohol away from their homes. Motorists/riders who reported drink-driving were four times more likely to have had previous traffic violation arrests compared with those who reported no drink-driving/riding (p = 0.001). Respondents were of the opinions that speeding was the major cause of traffic crashes, followed by driver carelessness, poor road conditions, inexperienced driving, and drink-driving in that order. Thirty six percent of motorists who use alcohol had the perception that consuming between 6 and 15 standard drinks was the volume of alcohol that will take them to the legal BAC limit of 0.08%. Compared with females, male motorists/riders were more likely to report drink-driving (AOR = 5.15, 95% CI: 2.31 to 11.47). Private motorists also reported a higher likelihood of drink-driving compared with commercial drivers (AOR = 3.36, 95% CI: 1.88 to 6.02). Only 4% of motorists knew the legal BAC limit of Ghana and only 2% had ever been tested for drink-driving/riding.


  • The volumes of alcohol which motorists typically consume per their drinking occasions were very high and their estimates of the number of drinks required to reach the legal BAC limit was equally very high. Provision of authoritative information advising motorists about ‘safe’, ‘responsible’ or ‘low risk’ levels of alcohol consumption is imperative. Many traffic violations including drink-driving were reported thus suggesting a need for enhanced policing and enforcement. However, giving the low level of knowledge of the legal BAC limit, educating motorists about how many drinks that will approximate the legal BAC should be intensified prior to an increase in enforcement otherwise the desired outcome of enforcement may not be achieved.

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ID Code: 95968
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: alcohol, BAC, driver behaviour, impairment, road safety, police, motorcyclist, driver
DOI: 10.1080/15389588.2016.1193172
ISSN: 1538-9588
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Forensic Psychology (170104)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Social and Community Psychology (170113)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 Taylor & Francis
Deposited On: 08 Jun 2016 23:15
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2016 07:20

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