Conversion of sugarcane carbohydrates into platform chemicals

Rackemann, Darryn W., Zhang, Zhanying, & Doherty, William O.S. (2016) Conversion of sugarcane carbohydrates into platform chemicals. In O'Hara, Ian M. & Mundree, Sagadevan (Eds.) Sugarcane-Based Biofuels and Bioproducts. John Wiley & Sons Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey, pp. 207-235.

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Abstract

Chemical hydrolysis processes are the focus of this chapter with regard to conversion of the carbohydrate content of lignocellulosic biomass such as bagasse to chemicals. Furans and organic acids such as levulinic acid and formic acid can be produced through acid-catalyzed dehydration and hydrolysis of hexose and pentose sugars. New technologies and processing environments that allow the use of biphasic systems and/or continuous extraction of products would increase reaction rates, yields, and product quality to provide the necessary step change for optimization of key reactions. The choice of solvent in an industrial process is influenced by polarity, boiling point, and partitioning ability as these provide a key measure on the recovery of product, catalyst, and solvent. As an alternative to direct production of levulinic acid or furanic products, solvolysis reactions can produce other chemical products in either one-pot or sequential reactions. The chapter discusses a number of potential products.

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ID Code: 96044
Item Type: Book Chapter
Keywords: Levulinic acid, Furfural, Hydrolysis
DOI: 10.1002/9781118719862.ch8
ISBN: 9781118719916
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Tropical Crops and Biocommodities
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 John Wiley & Sons Inc
Deposited On: 13 Jun 2016 22:24
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2016 21:44

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