Childhood obesity and the income gradient: Evidence from Australia

Nghiem, Son & Khanam, Rasheda (2016) Childhood obesity and the income gradient: Evidence from Australia. Applied Economics, 48(50), pp. 4813-4822.

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Abstract

This article examines the dynamic nature of human capital formation in the context of childhood obesity and the association of household income and childhood obesity in Australia using the first five waves of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. Our results show a strong evidence of dynamic nature of child obesity: the lag obesity is a significant and robust predictor of obesity in the current period. We also found that the main channel for childhood obesity is inter-generational trait: the probability of obesity in children born to an obese mother or father is 15% higher than that of other children. Other important determinants are lifestyle factors, including the consumption of drinks with a high sugar content and the amount of time watching TV. Income becomes an insignificant determinant of childhood obesity once we control for unobserved individual heterogeneity.

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ID Code: 96221
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Child obesity, Australia, Income
DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2016.1164827
ISSN: 1466-4283
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 Informa UK Limited
Deposited On: 16 Jun 2016 23:15
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2016 01:37

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