Current profile of cycling injuries: A retrospective analysis of a trauma centre level 1 in Queensland

Neumann, Mirjam V., Eley, Rob, Vallmuur, Kirsten, & Schuetz, Michael (2016) Current profile of cycling injuries: A retrospective analysis of a trauma centre level 1 in Queensland. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 28(1), pp. 90-95.

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Objectives: One out of 50 injury-related presentations to an ED is a transport-related cycling injury. Detailed information about the most frequent mechanism of cycling injuries, sustained injuries and patterns are under-reported. The objective of this research was to examine the pattern of injuries sustained by cyclists at a level 1 trauma centre.

Methods: A retrospective review of data of injured cyclists admitted and treated at a level 1 trauma centre between 2011 and 2012 evaluated demographic data, mechanism of injury, injury pattern, economic costs and outcome.

Results: Data of 261 patients (mean age of 39years) were reviewed, of which 88% was male patients with an average age of 38 years. Noncollision cycling injuries were reported in 55% of cases followed by collisions with other motor vehicles in 25.6% of cases. The mean injury severity score (ISS) was 9, but an ISS ≥ 12 was documented in 24%. Predominantly upper limb injuries (24.8%) were found, followed by injuries to the head and lower limb (each with 16.8%). Traumatic brain and chest injuries were equally seen in 8%. The overall length of stay was 4 days, and survival rate was 98%.

Conclusion: This current data review reveals that non-collision traffic crashes accounted for the majority of injuries in cyclists treated in this facility, and the upper limb has replaced the head as the most injured body part. With a growing number of cyclists, this information contributes to considerations to improve road safety and trauma management.

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ID Code: 96232
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: cycling, emergency medicine, fracture, injury, trauma
DOI: 10.1111/1742-6723.12495
ISSN: 1742-6731
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Health Information Systems (incl. Surveillance) (111711)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 Australasian College for Emergency Medicine and Australasian Society for Emergency Medicine
Copyright Statement: This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving."
Deposited On: 16 Jun 2016 22:39
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2017 22:54

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