Experimental studies of thin-walled steel roof battens subject to pull-through failures
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Despite the increasing usage of thin and high strength steel roof battens in the roof structures of low-rise buildings, recent cyclones and storms have shown that they prematurely fail at their screw fastener connections to the rafters or trusses due to the screw heads pulling through the batten bottom flanges. Such pull-through failures can lead to catastrophic failures of the entire roofing systems as observed during recent high wind events. Therefore a detailed experimental study consisting of both small scale and full scale tests was undertaken to investigate the pull-through failures of roof battens under wind uplift loading in relation to many critical parameters such as screw fastener tightening, roof batten geometry, batten thickness, steel grade, screw fastener head size and screw fastener location. Effects of underside surface and edge details of the screw fastener head, and screw fastener types were also considered. This paper presents the details of the tests conducted in this study and the pull-through failure load results obtained from them. Finally it presents the details of suitable design rules and capacity reduction factors developed in this study that can be used to accurately determine the design pull-through capacities of steel roof battens under wind uplift loads.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Cold-formed steel structures, Light gauge steel roofing systems, Steel roof battens, Wind uplift forces, Pull-through failures, Experiments, Design rules, Capacity reduction factors|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Structural Engineering (090506)
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2016 Elsevier|
|Copyright Statement:||Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution; Non-Commercial; No-Derivatives 4.0 International. DOI: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2015.12.016|
|Deposited On:||06 Jul 2016 23:12|
|Last Modified:||11 Jul 2016 16:46|
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