Blood glucose and glucoregulatory hormone responses to solid and liquid carbohydrate ingestion during exercise

Robergs, R.A., McMinn, S.B., Mermier, C., Leadbetter III, G., Ruby, B., & Quinn, C. (1998) Blood glucose and glucoregulatory hormone responses to solid and liquid carbohydrate ingestion during exercise. International Journal of Sport Nutrition, 8(1), pp. 70-83.

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Abstract

This study was conducted to compare blood glucose and glucoregulatory hormone responses to the ingestion of solid and liquid carbohydrate (CHO) during prolonged cycling, followed by 30 min of isokinetic cycling. Eight male cyclists randomly completed three cycling trials (LC = liquid CHO, SCE = solid CHO with water equal to LC, SCA = solid CHO + ad libitum water). Each subject cycled for 120 min at 65% of VO2max with CHO ingestion (0.6 g CHO/ kg/hr) at 0, 30, 60, 90, and 120 min. Subjects then completed a 30-min maximal isokinetic ride at 90 rpm. There was no significant (p < .05) difference between the trials for plasma glucose, insulin, glucagon, glycerol, lactate, PER, HR, VO2, RPE, and total work performed during the isokinetic ride. However, serum glucose was significantly lower in the SCE and SCA trials compared to LC at 80 min. The ingestion of a solid food containing CHO, protein, and fat with added water produced similar blood glucose, metabolic, glucoregulatory hormone, and exercise performance responses to those seen with the ingestion of liquid CHO.

Impact and interest:

6 citations in Scopus
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5 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 96940
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: carbohydrate; exceed; fat; glucagon; glucose; glycerol; insulin; lactic acid; meal on the go; protein; unclassified drug, adult; article; breathing rate; carbohydrate intake; controlled study; cycling; glucagon blood level; glucose blood level; glucose metabolism; glycerol blood level; heart rate; human; human experiment; hydration; insulin blood level; isokinetic exercise;, Adult; Blood Glucose; Body Weight; Cohort Studies; Dietary Carbohydrates; Energy Intake; Exercise; Glucagon; Glycerol; Heart Rate; Humans; Insulin; Lactic Acid; Male; Oxygen Consumption; Plasma Volume; Time Factors
ISSN: 1526-484X
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Deposited On: 21 Jul 2016 02:49
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2016 02:49

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