Gender differences in substrate utilisation during exercise

Ruby, Brent C. & Robergs, Robert A. (1994) Gender differences in substrate utilisation during exercise. Sports Medicine, 17(6), pp. 393-410.

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Abstract

The selection and utilisation of metabolic substrates during endurance exercise are regulated by a complex array of effectors. These factors include, but are not limited to, endurance training and cardiorespiratory fitness, exercise intensity and duration, muscle morphology and histology, hormonal factors and diet. Although the effects of these factors on substrate utilisation patterns are well understood, the variation in substrate utilisation during endurance exercise between males and females is not. Because of the extreme heterogeneity in exercise protocols and individuals studied, the differences in substrate utilisation between males and females remain somewhat inconclusive. Regardless of heterogeneity, if the results from studies are interpreted collectively, an apparent gender difference in the selection and metabolism of substrates can be seen in sedentary individuals. However, this difference between genders diminishes as the level of cardiorespiratory fitness is increased to that of highly trained individuals.

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43 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 96958
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: carbohydrate; estrogen; glycogen; gonadotropin; growth hormone; hormone; insulin; lipid; lipoprotein lipase; malate dehydrogenase, amenorrhea; cardiopulmonary hemodynamics; diet; endocrine function; endurance; energy metabolism; enzyme activity; exercise; female; fitness; follicular phase; histology; hormonal regulation; hormone action; human; insulin binding; lipid metabolism; lipol, Animal; Energy Metabolism; Exertion; Female; Human; Lipids; Male; Muscles; Respiration; Sex Characteristics; Sex Hormones
DOI: 10.2165/00007256-199417060-00005
ISSN: 1179-2035
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Deposited On: 04 Aug 2016 01:45
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2016 01:45

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