Probing solid-liquid interfaces using radiotracer technology: Characterization of functionalized microspheres

Huang, Stephen, Joso, Raymond, Fuchs, Alex, Barner, Leonie, & Smith, Suzanne V. (2008) Probing solid-liquid interfaces using radiotracer technology: Characterization of functionalized microspheres. Chemistry of Materials, 20(16), pp. 5375-5380.

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This study explores the use of nuclear probes (radiolabeling techniques) for the quantification of available, reactive groups on solid surfaces and their role in the engineering of materials for biosensor applications. Microspheres were synthesized with reactive carboxylate groups as conjugation sites for proteins. The carboxylate groups were reacted with three bifunctional ligands, sarar, aminobenzyl-cyclen, and aminobenzyl-dota. The reaction conditions used were similar to that employed for the conjugation of proteins and optimized for the concentration of reactants (bifunctional ligand and EDC), pH, and time at similar to 21 oC. Of the three bifunctional ligands conjugated to the microsphere, sarar proved to be the most efficient. Optimum reaction conditions employed molar ratios of 1:20: 100 for microspheres (estimated carboxylate groups of 1.1 x 10-7 per milligram of microspheres):sarar:EDC at pH 5.0 for 1 h, followed by 57/natCo radiolabeling at pH 7.0. The study demonstrates how nuclear probes with high specificity and sensitiviy can provide invaluable information on available reactive sites on solid surfaces tit extremely low concentrations (> 10-10 M) in a range of media. More importantly the nuclear probes enable the characterization of the surfaces of new materials in a non-destructive manner under conditions relevant to the engineering of the materials and ultimately the desired biosensor.

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13 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 97493
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1021/cm800248s
ISSN: 1520-5002
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 28 Jul 2016 23:17
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2016 04:02

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