Reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer graft copolymerization of styrene and m-isopropenyl-alpha,alpha ‘-dimethylbenzyl isocyanate from polypropylene lanterns: Solid phases for scavenging applications

Barner, Leonie, Pereira, Senake, Sandanayake, Sam, & Davis, Thomas P. (2006) Reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer graft copolymerization of styrene and m-isopropenyl-alpha,alpha ‘-dimethylbenzyl isocyanate from polypropylene lanterns: Solid phases for scavenging applications. Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, 44(2), pp. 857-864.

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Abstract

The γ-initiated reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer mediated free-radical graft copolymerization of styrene and m-isopropenyl-α,α′-dimethylbenzyl isocyanate (TMI) from a polypropylene (PP) solid phase was performed with cumyl phenyldithioacetate (CPDA) as the chain-transfer agent. The initial CPDA concentration was 8 × 10−3 mol L−1. Polymerizations were performed with a dose rate of 0.18 kGy h−1 at the ambient temperature. Initial comonomer mixtures with 15, 30, and 50 mol % TMI were used. Depending on the amount of TMI in the initial comonomer mixture, the plot of the grafting ratio versus the time showed two grafting regimes (for 15 and 50 mol % TMI) or one (for 30 mol % TMI). Scavenger lanterns with 15 and 50 mol % TMI featured two isocyanate loading regimes, the second with higher loading capacities. The scavenger lanterns with 30 mol % TMI showed a linear loading capacity over the full grafting ratio. A maximum loading capacity of 110 μmol per scavenger lantern was achieved with 50 mol % TMI at a grafting ratio of approximately 60 wt %.

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ID Code: 97501
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: graft copolymers; living free-radical polymerization; m-isopropenyl-alph, alpha ‘-dimethylbenzyl isocyanate (TMI); radiation; reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT); solid phase surfaces for combinatorial chemistry}
DOI: 10.1002/pola.21216
ISSN: 0887-624X
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 29 Jul 2016 01:16
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2016 04:37

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