Systematic review of Australian policing interventions to reduce alcohol-related violence — A maxillofacial perspective

Liu, Timothy, Ferris, Jason, Higginson, Angela, & Lynham, Anthony (2016) Systematic review of Australian policing interventions to reduce alcohol-related violence — A maxillofacial perspective. Addictive Behaviors Reports, 4, pp. 1-12.

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Abstract

Alcohol-related violence remains to be a health concern, and the oral and maxillofacial surgeons are routinely exposed to its impact on the victims and the healthcare system. At a community level, various policing interventions have been implemented to address this violent crime in and around licensed premises. Current study sought to examine the effectiveness of these interventions in Australia. Ten eligible studies, that evaluated the impact of 15 Australian policing interventions on reducing alcohol-related violence in the night-time economy, were included in this systematic review. Due to the heterogeneity of the study designs and the insufficiency of the reported data, quantitative meta-analysis of the findings was precluded. Instead, a critical narrative approach was used. Police-recorded assault rate was the primary outcome measured to assess the level of alcohol-related violence, which was influenced by the level of police duties implemented during the intervention period. The overall evidence base to support Australian policing interventions was found to be poor and was limited by the low-quality study design observed in the majority of the included studies. However, there is some evidence to suggest interventions involving proactive policing to be more effective than traditional reactive policing. There was also an increased emphasis on developing policing interventions in collaborative partnerships, demonstrating the synergistic benefits in crime prevention through community partnerships, where communities were encouraged to take ownerships of their own problems and develop targeted responses to alcohol-related violence rather than a one-size-fits-all approach. Further research is required to define their effectiveness with the use of more appropriate and robust methodologies. © 2016 The Authors.

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ID Code: 97576
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Alcohol; Maxillofacial; Police; Violence
DOI: 10.1016/j.abrep.2016.05.002
ISSN: 23528532
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES (180000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Law
Current > Schools > School of Justice
Copyright Owner: The authors
Copyright Statement: Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivatives Licence https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Deposited On: 21 Jul 2016 05:11
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2016 05:12

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