The spatial concentration of bias: An examination of the community factors that influence residents’ perceptions of bias crime

Sydes, Michelle L, Wickes, Rebecca L, & Higginson, Angela (2014) The spatial concentration of bias: An examination of the community factors that influence residents’ perceptions of bias crime. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 47(3), pp. 409-428.

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Abstract

Emerging scholarship indicates that bias crimes are concentrated in particular types of places. Currently only a small number of studies consider the ecological factors that influence official reports of bias crime. Results from these studies indicate that the community processes and structures associated with the occurrence of non-bias crime may operate differently for bias crime. We use administrative and survey data from approximately 4,000 residents living across 148 communities in Brisbane, Queensland to examine the ecological drivers of bias crime. Using multi-level logistic regression, we examine the community and household factors associated with residents’ perceptions of bias crime. Here we focus not only on the structural demographics of the community, but the degree to which community cohesion influences whether or not residents perceive bias crime as a problem in their community. We find that poverty and ethnic diversity are positively associated with residents’ perceptions of bias crime. Further residents living in communities with higher levels of community cohesion are less likely to perceive bias crime as a problem in their community. The level of community cohesion fully mediates the impact of ethnic diversity and partially mediates the effect of poverty on residents’ perceptions of bias crime.

Impact and interest:

1 citations in Scopus
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ID Code: 97583
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: bias crime, community, ethnicity, social cohesion
DOI: 10.1177/0004865814522638
ISSN: 1837-9273
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000) > CRIMINOLOGY (160200)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Crime & Justice Research Centre
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Law
Current > Schools > School of Justice
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 The Author(s)
Deposited On: 24 Jul 2016 22:57
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2016 09:30

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