The association between smoke alarm presence and injury and death rates: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Rohde, David, Corcoran, Jonathan, Sydes, Michelle, & Higginson, Angela (2016) The association between smoke alarm presence and injury and death rates: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Fire Safety Journal, 81, pp. 58-63.

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Mounting evidence suggests that smoke alarms play a key role in reducing the number of deaths and injuries associated with household fires each year. This study brings together the current literature on smoke alarm effectiveness. In particular, we are interested in determining whether or not smoke alarms decrease death and injury rates and if so, to what extent. A systematic search of the literature uncovered 13 studies concerned with examining the link between smoke alarm presence and death and/or injury rates. Following further screening, 4 studies were found to meet the inclusion criteria for the death meta-analysis and 3 studies were deemed suitable for the injury meta-analysis. Overall we found the death rate in households with working smoke alarms to be half the death rate of households without working smoke alarms. In contrast, our injury meta-analysis uncovered no significant link between smoke alarm presence and injury rates. We critically discuss these findings and highlight areas for future investigation.

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ID Code: 97584
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Smoke alarm; Fire detector; Fire alarm; Fire-related deaths; Fire-related injuries
DOI: 10.1016/j.firesaf.2016.01.008
ISSN: 0379-7112
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Crime & Justice Research Centre
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Law
Current > Schools > School of Justice
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
Deposited On: 24 Jul 2016 22:47
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2016 22:20

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