Protocol: Predictors of youth gang membership in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review
Higginson, Angela, Benier, Kathryn, Shenderovich, Yulia, Bedford, Laura, Mazerolle, Lorraine, & Murray, Joseph (2014) Protocol: Predictors of youth gang membership in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews.
There is evidence of gang violence in low- and middle-income countries in Africa and Asia, and the prevalence of gangs is particularly well documented throughout Central and South America (Decker & Pyrooz, 2010; Gatti et al., 2011). Official estimates of gang membership in Central America estimate approximately 69,000 members, while academic estimates believe this figure to be closer to 200,000 (UNODC, 2007). Some estimates are as high as 500,000 gang members in the region including South America and the Caribbean, and gangs have been identified as “the primary threat to regional stability and security” (Muggah & Aguirre, 2013). While reporting and recording issues make it difficult to estimate rates of gang violence, the homicide rate in Colombia, Brazil, El Salvador and Guatemala are substantially higher than those of European and North American countries (Decker & Pyrooz, 2010; UNODC, 2007). Gangs are also active in South Africa, with an estimate of 100,000 members in Western Cape alone (Reckson & Becker, cited in Decker & Pyrooz, 2010); however, to date, there is limited research examining gangs in Africa and Asia...
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||gang crime, youth crime, gang violence in developing countries|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000) > CRIMINOLOGY (160200)|
|Divisions:||Current > Research Centres > Crime & Justice Research Centre
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Law
Current > Schools > School of Justice
|Deposited On:||24 Jul 2016 23:48|
|Last Modified:||26 Jul 2016 00:19|
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