Assessment method influences the severity and type of symptoms reported after self-reported mild traumatic brain injury
Edmed, Shannon, Sullivan, Karen A., Allan, Alicia C., & Smith, Simon S. (2015) Assessment method influences the severity and type of symptoms reported after self-reported mild traumatic brain injury. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 37(6), pp. 641-652.
- To investigate the influence of assessment method (spontaneous report versus checklist) on the report of postconcussive syndrome (PCS) symptoms after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Setting: Community. Participants: Thirty-six participants (58% female) with postacute self-reported mTBI (i.e., sustained 1–6 months prior to participation) and 36 age-, gender-, and ethnicity-matched controls with no history of mTBI.
- Spontaneous symptom report from open-ended questions and checklist endorsed symptoms from the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (both measures administered online).
- Assessment method significantly affected individual symptom item frequencies (small to large effects), the number of symptoms reported, the total severity score, domain severity scores (i.e., somatic/sensory, cognitive, and affective symptom domains), and the number of participants who met a PCS caseness criterion (large effects; checklist > spontaneous report). The types of symptoms that were different between the groups differed for the assessment methods: Compared to controls, the nonclinical mTBI group spontaneously reported significantly greater somatic/sensory and cognitive domain severity scores, whilst no domain severity scores differed between groups when endorsed on a checklist.
- Assessment method can alter the number, severity, and types of symptoms reported by individuals who have sustained an mTBI and could potentially influence clinical decisions.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling|
|Deposited On:||26 Jul 2016 23:48|
|Last Modified:||27 Jul 2016 21:37|
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