New family of quantum spin hall insulators in two-dimensional transition-metal halide with large nontrivial band gaps

Zhou, Liujiang, Kou, Liangzhi, Sun, Yan, Felser, Claudia, Hu, Feiming, Shan, Guangcun, Smith, Sean C., Yan, Binghai, & Frauenheim, Thomas (2015) New family of quantum spin hall insulators in two-dimensional transition-metal halide with large nontrivial band gaps. Nano Letters, 15(12), pp. 7867-7872.

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Abstract

Topological insulators (TIs) are promising for achieving dissipationless transport devices due to the robust gapless states inside the insulating bulk gap. However, currently realized two-dimensional (2D) TIs, quantum spin Hall (QSH) insulators, suffer from ultrahigh vacuum and extremely low temperature. Thus, seeking for desirable QSH insulators with high feasibility of experimental preparation and large nontrivial gap is of great importance for wide applications in spintronics. On the basis of the first-principles calculations, we predict a novel family of 2D QSH insulators in transition-metal halide MX (M = Zr, Hf; X = Cl, Br, and I) monolayers, especially, which is the first case based on transition-metal halide-based QSH insulators. MX family has the large nontrivial gaps of 0.12-0.4 eV, comparable with bismuth (111) bilayer (0.2 eV), stanene (0.3 eV), and larger than ZrTe5 (0.1 eV) monolayers and graphene-based sandwiched heterstructures (30-70 meV). Their corresponding 3D bulk materials are weak topological insulators from stacking QSH layers, and some of bulk compounds have already been synthesized in experiment. The mechanism for 2D QSH effect in this system originates from a novel d-d band inversion, significantly different from conventional band inversion between s-p, p-p, or d-p orbitals. The realization of pure layered MX monolayers may be prepared by exfoliation from their 3D bulk phases, thus holding great promise for nanoscale device applications and stimulating further efforts on transition metal-based QSH materials. © 2015 American Chemical Society.

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ID Code: 98060
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: band inversion, first-principles calculations, gapless edge states, Quantum spin Hall insulator, two-dimensional transition-metal halide
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02617
ISSN: 1530-6984
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 American Chemical Society
Deposited On: 17 Aug 2016 02:03
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2016 04:08

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