Phosphorene: Fabrication, properties, and applications

Kou, Liangzhi, Chen, Changfeng, & Smith, Sean C. (2015) Phosphorene: Fabrication, properties, and applications. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 6(14), pp. 2794-2805.

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Abstract

Phosphorene, the single- or few-layer form of black phosphorus, was recently rediscovered as a two-dimensional layered material holding great promise for applications in electronics and optoelectronics. Research into its fundamental properties and device applications has since seen exponential growth. In this Perspective, we review recent progress in phosphorene research, touching upon topics on fabrication, properties, and applications; we also discuss challenges and future research directions. We highlight the intrinsically anisotropic electronic, transport, optoelectronic, thermoelectric, and mechanical properties of phosphorene resulting from its puckered structure in contrast to those of graphene and transition-metal dichalcogenides. The facile fabrication and novel properties of phosphorene have inspired design and demonstration of new nanodevices; however, further progress hinges on resolutions to technical obstructions like surface degradation effects and nonscalable fabrication techniques. We also briefly describe the latest developments of more sophisticated design concepts and implementation schemes that address some of the challenges in phosphorene research. It is expected that this fascinating material will continue to offer tremendous opportunities for research and development for the foreseeable future.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 98207
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b01094
ISSN: 1948-7185
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 American Chemical Society
Deposited On: 31 Aug 2016 01:53
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2016 03:16

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