Opening a band gap without breaking lattice symmetry: A new route toward robust graphene-based nanoelectronics

Kou, Liangzhi, Hu, Feiming, Yan, Binghai, Frauenheim, Thomas, & Chen, Changfeng (2014) Opening a band gap without breaking lattice symmetry: A new route toward robust graphene-based nanoelectronics. Nanoscale, 6(13), pp. 7474-7479.

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Developing graphene-based nanoelectronics hinges on opening a band gap in the electronic structure of graphene, which is commonly achieved by breaking the inversion symmetry of the graphene lattice via an electric field (gate bias) or asymmetric doping of graphene layers. Here we introduce a new design strategy that places a bilayer graphene sheet sandwiched between two cladding layers of materials that possess strong spin-orbit coupling (e.g., Bi2Te 3). Our ab initio and tight-binding calculations show that a proximity enhanced spin-orbit coupling effect opens a large (44 meV) band gap in bilayer graphene without breaking its lattice symmetry, and the band gap can be effectively tuned by an interlayer stacking pattern and significantly enhanced by interlayer compression. The feasibility of this quantum-well structure is demonstrated by recent experimental realization of high-quality heterojunctions between graphene and Bi2Te3, and this design also conforms to existing fabrication techniques in the semiconductor industry. The proposed quantum-well structure is expected to be especially robust since it does not require an external power supply to open and maintain a band gap, and the cladding layers provide protection against environmental degradation of the graphene layer in its device applications.

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7 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 98211
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1039/c4nr01102c
ISSN: 2040-3372
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 18 Aug 2016 00:57
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2016 23:41

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