Phosphorene as a superior gas sensor: Selective adsorption and distinct i - V response
Kou, Liangzhi, Frauenheim, Thomas, & Chen, Changfeng (2014) Phosphorene as a superior gas sensor: Selective adsorption and distinct i - V response. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 5(15), pp. 2675-2681.
Recent reports on the fabrication of phosphorene, that is, mono- or few-layer black phosphorus, have raised exciting prospects of an outstanding two-dimensional (2D) material that exhibits excellent properties for nanodevice applications. Here, we study by first-principles calculations the adsorption of CO, CO2, NH3, NO, and NO2 gas molecules on a monolayer phosphorene. Our results predict superior sensing performance of phosphorene that rivals or even surpasses that of other 2D materials such as graphene and MoS2. We determine the optimal adsorption positions of these molecules on the phosphorene and identify molecular doping, that is, charge transfer between the molecules and phosphorene, as the driving mechanism for the high adsorption strength. We further calculated the current–voltage (I–V) relation using the nonequilibrium Green’s function (NEGF) formalism. The transport features show large (1–2 orders of magnitude) anisotropy along different (armchair or zigzag) directions, which is consistent with the anisotropic electronic band structure of phosphorene. Remarkably, the I–V relation exhibits distinct responses with a marked change of the I–V relation along either the armchair or the zigzag directions depending on the type of molecules. Such selectivity and sensitivity to adsorption makes phosphorene a superior gas sensor that promises wide-ranging applications.© 2014 American Chemical Society.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||anisotropic transport, gas sensor, phosphorene|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2014 American Chemical Society|
|Deposited On:||25 Aug 2016 02:17|
|Last Modified:||01 Sep 2016 03:20|
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