Charge carrier separation induced by intrinsic surface strain in pristine ZnO nanowires

Kou, Liangzhi, Li, Chun, Zhang, Zi-Yue, Chen, Changfeng, & Guo, Wanlin (2010) Charge carrier separation induced by intrinsic surface strain in pristine ZnO nanowires. Applied Physics Letters, 97(5), 053104.

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We predict by first-principles calculations a spontaneous charge carrier separation mechanism in pristine [0001]-oriented ZnO nanowires. We find that the shrinking strain induced by surface reconstruction causes electrons and holes to separate and move toward the core and surface region, respectively. Such separation can be enhanced by axially applied tensile strain as a result of the enhancement of surface strain induced by the Poisson effect, and be suppressed by compressive axial strain. Similar carrier separations are found in IIB-sulfides. This intrinsic charge separation and tensile strain induced enhancement are expected to shed light on solar cell designs.

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ID Code: 98229
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1063/1.3467262
ISSN: 1077-3118
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 American Institute of Physics
Deposited On: 29 Aug 2016 01:57
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2016 05:06

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