Tuning magnetism in zigzag ZnO nanoribbons by transverse electric fields

Kou, Liangzhi, Li, Chun, Zhang, Zhuhua, & Guo, Wanlin (2010) Tuning magnetism in zigzag ZnO nanoribbons by transverse electric fields. ACS Nano, 4(4), pp. 2124-2128.

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Abstract

We show by first-principles calculations that the magnetic moments of zigzag ZnO nanoribbons can be efficiently modulated by transverse electric fields. Depending on the field direction, the total magnetic moment in a zigzag ZnO nanoribbon can be remarkably enhanced or reduced and even completely quenched with increasing field over a threshold strength. However, in weak electric fields below the threshold, the magnetic moment in the zigzag ZnO nanoribbons nearly remains unchanged, which can be explained in terms of intrinsic transverse electric polarization and quantum confinement effects. The threshold electric field required to modulate the magnetic moment decreases significantly with increasing ribbon width, showing practical importance.

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31 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 98231
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Electric field, First-principles calculation, Tunable magnetism, ZnO nanoribbon
DOI: 10.1021/nn901552b
ISSN: 1936-086X
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 29 Aug 2016 03:07
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2016 05:41

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