Part based bit error analysis of iris codes
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In order to effectively use iris patterns in biometric recognition, there is value in knowing how bit errors in iris codes are distributed. In this work, the iris is considered in a part-based framework as rings and sectors. A mean normalised bit error is defined as the bit error averaged over the entire part and over an ensemble of images. The distribution of this error for genuine comparisons is investigated as a function of radius (ring) and angle (sector) for a range of factors more comprehensively than previous studies of consistency of iris codes. Two iris recognition systems and three data sets are used. The effect of residual segmentation errors after automated segmentation is checked, and masks are manually refined to obtain segmentation error free data for further investigation. The effect of factors such as capture sensor, resampling, input iris image resolution, filter type and encoding scheme, and changes in pupil size is systematically investigated. Results confirm the finding in previous works that the pupillary and limbic boundaries are more error-prone than the middle region of the iris. This study further confirms that this V-shaped radial trend is not significantly disturbed by any of the above factors other than pupil size changes. Both pupil dilation and constriction result in increased bit errors which no longer show a dip in the middle region of the iris. The distribution of errors as a function of angle is approximately uniform regardless of the factor investigated but shows a small decrease towards the sectors near the eye corners.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Iris recognition, Iris code, Consistent bits, Error distribution|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2016 Elsevier Ltd.|
|Deposited On:||18 Aug 2016 23:04|
|Last Modified:||23 Aug 2016 17:54|
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