Adsorbents based on montmorillonite for contaminant removal from water: A review

Zhu, Runliang, Chen, Qingze, Zhou, Qing, Xi, Yunfei, Zhu, Jianxi, & He, Hongping (2016) Adsorbents based on montmorillonite for contaminant removal from water: A review. Applied Clay Science, 123, pp. 239-258.

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Clay minerals and their modified derivatives have composed a large family of adsorbents which can be used for the adsorption of most of the chemical contaminants from aqueous solution. Among this family of adsorbents, those based on montmorillonite (Mt), a typical 2:1 type clay mineral, have been most extensively studied. This article intends to give a general overview of the microstructure, adsorptive characteristics, and environmental applications of the Mt based adsorbents. A comprehensive survey of the numerous literatures shows that Mt based adsorbents have rather complicated structural and adsorptive characteristics. They may have porous or nonporous structure and contain various functional groups; their interlayer structure may be evidently affected by the incorporation of water molecules in aqueous medium. With the complicated structural characteristics, these adsorbents can be used for a wide variety of contaminants, including hydrophobic organic contaminants, cationic/anionic dyes, heavy metal cations, oxyanions, radioactive nuclides, etc. Accordingly, a wide variety of mechanisms are involved for the uptake of these contaminants, such as surface adsorption, partition, ion exchange, surface precipitation, and structural incorporation. Finally, the approaches for proper disposal/reutilization of the spent adsorbents after contaminant adsorption will be briefly discussed. This review on one hand can help the readers in choosing proper and developing novel clay mineral based adsorbents for target contaminants, and on the other hand can give a proper example to systematically show the various mechanisms for the uptake of contaminants on adsorbents.

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ID Code: 98396
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Montmorillonite, adsorption, contaminant, environmental remediation
DOI: 10.1016/j.clay.2015.12.024
ISSN: 0169-1317
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (030200)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (050000)
Divisions: Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
  • NNSFC/41572031, 41322014, 21177104
  • CAS-SAFEA/20140491534
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution; Non-Commercial; No-Derivatives 4.0 International. DOI 10.1016/j.clay.2015.12.024
Deposited On: 25 Aug 2016 00:52
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2016 16:28

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