Ethnic hate crime in Australia: Diversity and change in the neighbourhood context

Benier, Kathryn, Wickes, Rebecca, & Higginson, Angela (2016) Ethnic hate crime in Australia: Diversity and change in the neighbourhood context. British Journal of Criminology, 56(3), pp. 479-496.

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Abstract

Ecological theories of racially or ethnically motivated hate crime are largely derived from the United States, where racial segregation is highly pronounced. The extent to which these theories explain hate crime in more ethnically integrated countries is presently unclear. We focus on the neighbourhood characteristics influencing self-reported hate crime for 4,396 residents in a city experiencing growing ethnic diversity. We find that the neighbourhood antecedents of hate crime in the Australian context differ from those seen in the United States. While residents speaking a language other than English is a powerful predictor of incidents, neither residential mobility nor increases in in-migration are associated with hate victimization, and neighbourhood place attachment decreases the likelihood of victimization. Our findings suggest that ecological theories of hate crime derived from the United States may be limited in their applicability in multi-ethnic settings.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 98827
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: hate crime, bias crime, targeted crime, defended neighbourhood, ethnicity, diversity
DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azv067
ISSN: 1464-3529
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000) > CRIMINOLOGY (160200)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Law
Current > Schools > School of Justice
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2015 The Author
Deposited On: 13 Sep 2016 22:25
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2016 23:47

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