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Physical Activity and Nutritional Status of Brazilian Children of Low Socioeconomic Status: Undernutrition and Overweight

Amorim, Paulo, de Faria, Ricardo C., Byrne, Nuala M., & Hills, Andrew P. (2006) Physical Activity and Nutritional Status of Brazilian Children of Low Socioeconomic Status: Undernutrition and Overweight. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 15(2), pp. 217-223.

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyse the level of habitual physical activity (HPA) and nutritional status of children attending selected public schools in Brazil. The sample comprised 1719 participants who ranged in age from 11 to 14 yrs with 861 females (F) aged 12.7 +/- 1.0yr and 858 males (M) aged 12.7 +/- 1.0yr. The short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used to measure HPA. Nutritional status was assessed using the body mass index (BMI). Statistical analyses included ANOVA followed by the post-hoc Tukey-test (P < 0.05) which showed a statistically significant difference between M and F in time spent in moderate intensity physical activity. F completed more moderate intensity physical activity than M whereas time in vigorous physical activities was higher in M than F. Analyses of BMI and IPAQ categorical score using Pearson product moment correlations with subsequent Fisher Z transformation showed values of Z = 0.49 for females and Z = 0.44 for males, indicating a low relationship between these variables. HPA levels showed 93.7% of the M and 91.1% of the F were at least minimally active. According to BMI values, 7.3% of the cohort was underweight; 83.0% normal weight; 8.3% overweight and 1.3% obese. These results demand attention, particularly for children at the lower end of nutritional status and HPA levels due to the potential negative impact on their growth and development. At the other end of the nutritional spectrum, one needs to be concerned regarding the levels of excess body weight, mainly considering the poor region in which the children live.

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ID Code: 9883
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see hypertext link) or contact the author.
Keywords: child, physical activity, nutritional status, obesity, overweight, socioeconomic factors, Brazil coronary, heart, disease, self, report measures, energy, expenditure, Sao, Paulo, activity questionnaire, stunted children, older children, obesity, transition, risk
ISSN: 0964-7058
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (111100) > Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified (111199)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2006 HEC PRESS
Copyright Statement: The contents of this journal can be freely accessed online via the journal’s web page (see hypertext link) 12 months after publication.
Deposited On: 03 Oct 2007
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2012 08:53

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