Addition-fragmentation kinetics of fluorodithioformates (F-RAFT) in styrene, vinyl acetate, and ethylene polymerization: An Ab initio investigation

Coote, M. L., Izgorodina, E. I., Cavigliasso, G. E., Roth, M., Busch, M., & Barner-Kowollik, C. (2006) Addition-fragmentation kinetics of fluorodithioformates (F-RAFT) in styrene, vinyl acetate, and ethylene polymerization: An Ab initio investigation. Macromolecules, 39(13).

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The kinetics and thermodynamics of the addition-fragmentation equilibrium in fluorodithioformate (S=C(F)SR; F-RAFT) mediated polymerization of styrene and vinyl acetate were investigated via high-level ab initio molecular orbital calculations. The fragmentation efficiencies of a wide range of leaving groups (R = C(CH3)2CN, CH2CN, C(CH3) 2Ph, CH(Ph)CH3, CH2Ph, CH(COOCH 3)CH3, CH2COOCH3, CH(OCOCH 3), CH2-OCOCH3, C(CH3)3, CH2CH3, CH3) were also investigated. The calculations confirm earlier predictions, on the basis of thermodynamic considerations alone, that these agents are likely to function as genuine multipurpose RAFT agents. Thus, stable propagating radicals (as in styrene polymerization) are capable of adding to the RAFT agent with high rate coefficients (1.8 × 106 L mol-1 s-1 at 333.15 K), comparable to those observed with normal dithioesters such as S=C(CH3)SR (3.8 × 106 L mol-1 s -1). Concurrently, unstable propagating radicals (as in vinyl acetate polymerization) are capable of undergoing fragmentation with significantly higher rate coefficients (1.7 × 104 s -1) than that for S=C(CH3)SR (8.4 s-1) and are not expected to be rate retarded. On the basis of an examination of leaving group abilities and known reinitiation rate coefficients, the agents S=C(F)SC(CH3)2CN or S=C(F)SC(CH3) 2Ph are identified as optimal F-RAFT agents for styrene polymerization, while S=C(F)SCH2-CN or S=C(F)SC(CH3) 3 are identified as optimal F-RAFT agents for vinyl acetate and ethylene polymerization. The potential suitability of employing F-RAFT to invoke living free radical polymerization of ethylene has been tested by a general kinetic screening exercise as well as specific simulations that employ quantum chemically predicted F-RAFT rate coefficients. These results indicate that F-RAFT is expected to control ethylene free radical polymerization. © 2006 American Chemical Society.

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ID Code: 99125
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Cited By :37
Export Date: 5 September 2016
Correspondence Address: Coote, M.L.; ARC Centre of Excellence in Free Radical Chemistry and Biotechnology, Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia; email:
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Keywords: Free radical polymerization, Quantum theory, Rate constants, Reaction kinetics, Styrene, Fragmentation kinetics of fluorodithioformates (F-RAFT), Molecular orbital calculations, Rate coefficients, Fluorine compounds
DOI: 10.1021/ma060470z
ISSN: 00249297
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 22 Sep 2016 04:50
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2016 01:48

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