Propagation rate coefficients of isobornyl acrylate, tert-butyl acrylate and 1-ethoxyethyl acrylate: A high frequency PLP-SEC study

Dervaux, B., Junkers, T., Schneider-Baumann, M., Du Prez, F. E., & Barner-Kowollik, C. (2009) Propagation rate coefficients of isobornyl acrylate, tert-butyl acrylate and 1-ethoxyethyl acrylate: A high frequency PLP-SEC study. Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry, 47(23).

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Abstract

Pulsed laser polymerization (PLP) coupled to size exclusion chromatography (SEC) is considered to be the most accurate and reliable technique for the determination of absolute propagation rate coefficients, kp. Herein, kp data as a function of temperature were determined via PLP-SEC for three acrylate monomers that are of particular synthetic interest (e.g., for the generation of amphiphilic block copolymers). The high-Tg monomer isobornyl acrylate (iBoA) as well as the precursor monomers for the synthesis of hydrophilic poly(acrylic acid), tert-butyl acrylate (tBuA), and 1-ethoxyethyl acrylate (EEA) were investigated with respect to their propagation rate coefficient in a wide temperature range. By application of a 500 Hz laser repetition rate, data could be obtained up to a temperature of 80 °C. To arrive at absolute values for kp, the Mark-Houwink parameters of the polymers have been determined via on-line light scattering and viscosimetry measurements. These read: K = 5.00 × 105 dL g-1, α = 0.75 (piBoA), K = 19.7 × 105 dL g-1, a = 0.66 (ptBA) and K = 1.53 × 105 dL g-1, α = 0.85 (pEEA). The bulky iBoA monomer shows the lowest propagation rate coefficient among the three monomers, while EEA is the fastest. The activation energies and Arrhenius factors read: (iBoA): log(A/L mol-1 s -1) = 7.05 and EA = 17.0 kJ mol-1; (tBuA): log(A/L mol-1 s-1) = 7.28 and EA = 17.5 kJ mol-1 and (EEA): log(A/L mol-1 s-1) = 6.80 and EA = 13.8 kJ mol -1. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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ID Code: 99209
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Cited By :26
Export Date: 5 September 2016
CODEN: JPACE
Correspondence Address: Du Prez, F. E.; Polymer Chemistry Research Group, Department of Organic Chemistry, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281 (S4-bis), 9000 Ghent, Belgium; email: Filip.DuPrez@UGent.be
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Keywords: 1-ethoxyethyl acrylate, Activation energy, High frequency pulsed laser polymerization (PLP), Isobornyl acrylate, Kinetics (polym.), Liquid chromatography, Propagation rate coefficient, Size exclusion chromatography (SEC), Tert-butyl acrylate, High frequency, Kinetics(polym.), Pulsed laser polymerization, Acrylic monomers, Acrylics, Block copolymers, Carboxylic acids, Chromatographic analysis, Gel permeation chromatography, Lasers, Liquids, Organic acids, Organic polymers, Polymerization, Polymers, Pulsed laser applications, Radioactivity logging, Size exclusion chromatography
DOI: 10.1002/pola.23706
ISSN: 0887624X
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 22 Sep 2016 04:50
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2016 04:49

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