Poly(ethylene glycol) as a 'green solvent' for the RAFT polymerization of methyl methacrylate

West, A. G., Barner-Kowollik, C., & Perrier, S. (2010) Poly(ethylene glycol) as a 'green solvent' for the RAFT polymerization of methyl methacrylate. Polymer, 51(17).

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Abstract

We demonstrate the use of a range of poly(ethylene glycol)s (PEGs) to control the polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) using reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. The use of PEG as the solvent (Mn = 4600 g mol-1) resulted in an increase in the rate of the reaction over that of other solvents by a factor of 5 at 60 °C, allowing MMA to be polymerized to high conversions with a DP of 100 much more rapidly than in standard solvents, while maintaining control over the molecular weight with polydispersities as low as 1.05. Interestingly, whilst the same rate increase is seen when polymerizing to a DP of 500, PEG appears to limit the achievable molecular weight to differing degrees depending on its chain length. Advantages of using PEG include its very low toxicity and other environmentally friendly aspects of its nature that allow it to be classed as a 'green' solvent. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

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ID Code: 99257
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Cited By :10
Export Date: 5 September 2016
CODEN: POLMA
Correspondence Address: Perrier, S.; Key Centre for Polymers and Colloids, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia; email: sebastien.perrier@sydney.edu.au
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Keywords: Green solvents, Living radical polymerization (RAFT), Polyethylene glycol, Environmentally-friendly, Living radical polymerization, Low toxicity, Polymerization of methyl methacrylate, RAft polymerization, Rate increase, Reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization, Acrylic monomers, Atom transfer radical polymerization, Biodegradable polymers, Esters, Ethylene, Ethylene glycol, Free radical polymerization, Organic solvents, Polydispersity, Polyethylene oxides, Polyethylenes, Polymers, Thermoplastics, Polyethylene glycols, environmental management, molecular weight, polymerization, solvent, temperature effect, toxicity
DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2010.06.022
ISSN: 00323861
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 22 Sep 2016 04:50
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2016 03:38

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