A detailed investigation of the free radical copolymerization behavior of n -butyl acrylate macromonomers

Zorn, A. M., Junkers, T., & Barner-Kowollik, C. (2011) A detailed investigation of the free radical copolymerization behavior of n -butyl acrylate macromonomers. Macromolecules, 44(17).

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Abstract

The free radical copolymerization of macromonomers with low molecular weight monomers represents a versatile tool for the formation of statistical copolymers featuring pendant side chains. In the current study n-butyl acrylate macromonomer (BAMM) has been synthesized via high temperature acrylate synthesis in a one-pot-one-step procedure and copolymerized with benzyl acrylate (BzA) as a comonomer up to 40% conversion in a free radical copolymerization with 1,1′-azobis(isobutyronitrile) (AIBN) as a source of radicals. The copolymers poly(BAMM)-co-poly(BzA) are fully characterized via size exclusion chromatography (SEC), nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), and liquid adsorption chromatography at critical conditions (LACCC). The achievable molecular weight of the synthesized poly(BAMM)-co-poly(BzA) lies between 8000 and 77000 g mol-1 with a polydispersity of 1.30-2.12. Calculated copolymer compositions from the integrals of the specific resonances H ar and CH2 of the BzA compared to CH2 of the BAMM have been subjected to a (terminal model) Mayo-Lewis analysis, resulting in estimated reactivity ratios at ∼40% conversion of rBzA = 2.46 and rBAMM = 1.79, indicating a copolymer composition of F BA < 0.65 for the copolymers derived from fBzA > 0.9 up to a copolymer composition of FBA > 0.9 for copolymers with a comonomer feed of fBzA < 0.6. The poly(BAMM)-co-poly(BzA) have been analyzed under critical conditions of n-butyl acrylate (BA) on a normal phase column to obtain an image of the generated poly(BAMM)-co-poly(BzA). © 2011 American Chemical Society.

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ID Code: 99288
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Cited By :8
Export Date: 5 September 2016
CODEN: MAMOB
Correspondence Address: Junkers, T.; Institute for Materials Research (IMO), Polymer Reaction Design Group, Universiteit Hasselt, Agoralaan, Gebouw D, BE-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium; email: christopher.barner-kowollik@kit.edu
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Keywords: Benzyl acrylate, Butyl acrylates, Co-monomer, Copolymer compositions, Critical condition, Free radical copolymerization, High temperature, Liquid adsorption chromatography, Low molecular weight, Macro-monomers, Macromonomer, N-butyl acrylate, Normal phase, Reactivity ratio, Side-chains, Statistical copolymers, Terminal model, Versatile tools, Adsorption, Copolymerization, Free radicals, Gel permeation chromatography, Molecular weight, Monomers, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Plastic products, Polydispersity, Resonance, Size exclusion chromatography, Copolymers
DOI: 10.1021/ma201345m
ISSN: 00249297
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 22 Sep 2016 04:50
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2016 01:33

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