Temperature responsive cellulose-graft-copolymers via cellulose functionalization in an ionic liquid and RAFT polymerization

Hufendiek, A., Trouillet, V., Meier, M. A. R., & Barner-Kowollik, C. (2014) Temperature responsive cellulose-graft-copolymers via cellulose functionalization in an ionic liquid and RAFT polymerization. Biomacromolecules, 15(7).

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Well-defined cellulose-graft-polyacrylamide copolymers were synthesized in a grafting-from approach by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization (RAFT). A chlorine moiety (degree of substitution DS(Cl) ≈ 1.0) was introduced into the cellulose using 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (BMIMCl) as solvent before being substituted by a trithiocarbonate moiety resulting in cellulose macro-chain transfer agents (cellulose-CTA) with DS(RAFT) of 0.26 and 0.41. Poly(N,N-diethylacrylamide) (PDEAAm) and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) were subsequently grafted from these cellulose-CTAs and the polymerization kinetics, the molecular weight characteristics and the product composition were studied by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and size exclusion chromatography of the polyacrylamides after cleavage from the cellulose chains. The number-average molecular weights, Mn, of the cleaved polymers ranged from 1100 to 1600 g mol-1 for PDEAAm (dispersity D = 1.4-1.8) and from 1200 to 2600 g mol -1 for PNIPAM (D = 1.7-2.1). The LCST behavior of the cellulose-graft-copolymers was studied via the determination of cloud point temperatures, evidencing that the thermoresponsive properties of the hybrid materials could be finely tuned between 18 and 26 °C for PDEAAm and between 22 and 26 °C for PNIPAM side chains. © 2014 American Chemical Society.

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ID Code: 99389
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Cited By :13
Export Date: 5 September 2016
Correspondence Address: Meier, M.A.R.; Laboratory of Applied Chemistry, Institute of Organic Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Fritz-Haber-Weg 6, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany; email: m.a.r.meier@kit.edu
Chemicals/CAS: acrylamide, 79-06-1; carbonic acid, 3812-32-6, 463-79-6; cellulose, 61991-22-8, 68073-05-2, 9004-34-6; chlorine, 13981-72-1, 7782-50-5; poly(n isopropylacrylamide), 25189-55-3; polyacrylamide, 9003-05-8; 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride; Acrylamides; Acrylic Resins; Cellulose; Imidazoles; Ionic Liquids; poly(N,N-diethylacrylamide); poly-N-isopropylacrylamide; Polymers
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Keywords: Acrylic monomers, Chains, Chlorine compounds, Copolymers, Grafting (chemical), Hybrid materials, Hydrogels, Ionic liquids, Living polymerization, Molecular weight, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Polyacrylates, X ray photoelectron spectroscopy, 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, Cellulose functionalization, Cloud point temperature, Degree of substitution, Poly(N , N-diethylacrylamide), Poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) (pNIPAM), Polymerization kinetics, Reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization, Cellulose, 1 butyl 3 methylimidazolium chloride, acrylamide, carbonic acid, chlorine, copolymer, ionic liquid, monomer, poly(n isopropylacrylamide), poly(n,n diethylacrylamide), polyacrylamide, solvent, unclassified drug, acrylamide derivative, acrylic acid resin, imidazole derivative, poly(N,N-diethylacrylamide), poly-N-isopropylacrylamide, polymer, article, chemical reaction, environmental temperature, gel permeation chromatography, hybrid, hydrolysis, nucleophilicity, polymerization, priority journal, proton nuclear magnetic resonance, reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer, stereospecificity, substitution reaction, surface property, synthesis, temperature dependence, analogs and derivatives, chemistry, kinetics, temperature, Acrylamides, Acrylic Resins, Imidazoles, Polymers
DOI: 10.1021/bm500416m
ISSN: 15257797
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 22 Sep 2016 04:50
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2016 03:50

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