Cognitive, sensory and physical factors enabling driving safety in older adults

Anstey, Kaarin J., Wood, Joanne M., Lord, Stephen, & Walker, Janine G. (2005) Cognitive, sensory and physical factors enabling driving safety in older adults. Clinical Psychology Review, 25(1), pp. 45-65.

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Abstract

We reviewed literature on cognitive, sensory, motor and physical factors associated with safe driving and crash risk in older adults with the goal of developing a model of factors enabling safe driving behaviour. Thirteen empirical studies reporting associations between cognitive, sensory, motor and physical factors and either self-reported crashes, state crash records or on-road driving measures were identified. Measures of attention, reaction time, memory, executive function, mental status, visual function, and physical function variables were associated with driving outcome measures. Self-monitoring was also identified as a factor that may moderate observed effects by influencing driving behavior. We propose that three enabling factors (cognition, sensory function and physical function/medical conditions) predict driving ability, but that accurate self-monitoring of these enabling factors is required for safe driving behaviour.

Impact and interest:

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238 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 9942
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see hypertext link) or contact the author.
Keywords: Crash risk, Cognitive aging, Driving, Sensorimotor function, Physiological aging
DOI: 10.1016/j.cpr.2004.07.008
ISSN: 0272-7358
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 Elsevier
Deposited On: 05 Oct 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:15

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