Pd-complex driven formation of single-chain nanoparticles

Willenbacher, J., Altintas, O., Trouillet, V., Knöfel, N., Monteiro, M. J., Roesky, P. W., & Barner-Kowollik, C. (2015) Pd-complex driven formation of single-chain nanoparticles. Polymer Chemistry, 6(24).

View at publisher


We report the facile synthesis of well-defined palladium(ii) cross-linked single-chain nanoparticles (Pd-SCNPs) using the 'repeating unit approach'. The linear precursor polymer (Mn ≈ 10200 g mol-1, ≈ 1.17) was synthesized via nitroxide mediated statistical copolymerization of styrene and 4-(chloromethyl)styrene (CMS) followed by a post-polymerization modification of the resulting copolymer to covalently attach the triarylphosphine ligand moieties. The ligand content along the lateral polymer chain was 12%. Intramolecular crosslinking was performed in diluted solution with a suitable precursor complex (Pd[1,5-cyclooctadiene]Cl2) to afford the well-defined Pd-SCNPs, which feature a hydrodynamic diameter of Dh = 5.4 nm. The palladium(ii) containing single-chain nanoparticles were characterized in-depth using 1H NMR spectroscopy, 31P{1H} NMR spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS), size exclusion chromatography (SEC), 1H spin-spin relaxation time (T2) analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and log-normal distribution (LND) simulations. Finally, the applicability of the Pd-SCNPs as catalyst in the Sonogashira coupling was exemplified. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015.

Impact and interest:

23 citations in Scopus
Search Google Scholar™
23 citations in Web of Science®

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 99450
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Cited By :17
Export Date: 5 September 2016
Correspondence Address: Roesky, P.W.; Institut für Anorganische Chemie, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Engesserstr. 15, Germany
References: Altintas, O., Barner-Kowollik, C., (2012) Macromol. Rapid Commun., 33, pp. 958-971; Lyon, C.K., Prasher, A., Hanlon, A.M., Tuten, B.T., Tooley, C.A., Frank, P.G., Berda, E.B., (2015) Polym. Chem., 6, pp. 181-197; Ouchi, M., Badi, N., Lutz, J.-F., Sawamoto, M., (2011) Nat. Chem., 3, pp. 917-924; Sanchez-Sanchez, A., Pomposo, J.A., (2014) Part. Part. Syst. Charact., 31, pp. 11-23; Willenbacher, J., Schmidt, B.V.K.J., Schulze-Suenninghausen, D., Altintas, O., Luy, B., Delaittre, G., Barner-Kowollik, C., (2014) Chem. Commun., 50, pp. 7056-7059; Altintas, O., Gerstel, P., Dingenouts, N., Barner-Kowollik, C., (2010) Chem. Commun., 46, pp. 6291-6293; Altintas, O., Lejeune, E., Gerstel, P., Barner-Kowollik, C., (2012) Polym. Chem., 3, pp. 640-651; Shishkan, O., Zamfir, M., Gauthier, M.A., Börner, H.G., Lutz, J.-F., (2014) Chem. Commun., 50, pp. 1570-1572; Willenbacher, J., Altintas, O., Roesky, P.W., Barner-Kowollik, C., (2013) Macromol. Rapid Commun., 35, pp. 45-51; Chao, D., Jia, X., Tuten, B., Wang, C., Berda, E.B., (2013) Chem. Commun., 49, pp. 4178-4180; Frank, P.G., Tuten, B.T., Prasher, A., Chao, D., Berda, E.B., (2014) Macromol. Rapid Commun., 35, pp. 249-253; Tuten, B.T., Chao, D., Lyon, C.K., Berda, E.B., (2012) Polym. Chem., 3, pp. 3068-3071; Appel, E.A., Barrio, J.D., Dyson, J., Isaacs, L., Scherman, O.A., (2012) Chem. Sci., 3, pp. 2278-2281; Hansell, C.F., Lu, A., Patterson, J.P., O'Reilly, R.K., (2014) Nanoscale, 6, pp. 4102-4107; Romulus, J., Weck, M., (2013) Macromol. Rapid Commun., 34, pp. 1518-1523; Lu, J., Ten Brummelhuis, N., Weck, M., (2014) Chem. Commun., 50, pp. 6225-6227; Oria, L., Aguado, R., Pomposo, J.A., Colmenero, J., (2010) Adv. Mater., 22, pp. 3038-3041; Lane, D.D., Chiu, D.Y., Su, F.Y., Srinivasan, S., Kern, H.B., Press, O.W., Stayton, P.S., Convertine, A.J., (2015) Polym. Chem., 6, pp. 1286-1299; Wang, P., Pu, H., Ge, J., Jin, M., Pan, H., Chang, Z., Wan, D., (2014) Mater. Lett., 132, pp. 102-105; Danilov, D., Barner-Kowollik, C., Wenzel, W., (2015) Chem. Commun., 51, pp. 6002-6005; Altintas, O., Krolla-Sidenstein, P., Gliemann, H., Barner-Kowollik, C., (2014) Macromolecules, 47, pp. 5877-5888; Sanchez-Sanchez, A., Fulton, D.A., Pomposo, J.A., (2014) Chem. Commun., 50, pp. 1871-1874; Murray, B.S., Fulton, D.A., (2011) Macromolecules, 44, pp. 7242-7252; Whitaker, D.E., Mahon, C.S., Fulton, D.A., (2013) Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 52, pp. 956-959; Sanchez-Sanchez, A., Arbe, A., Colmenero, J., Pomposo, J.A., (2014) ACS Macro Lett., 3, pp. 439-443; Terashima, T., Mes, T., De Greef, T.F.A., Gillissen, M.A.J., Besenius, P., Palmans, A.R.A., Meijer, E.W., (2011) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 133, pp. 4742-4745; Mavila, S., Diesendruck, C.E., Linde, S., Amir, L., Shikler, R., Lemcoff, N.G., (2013) Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 52, pp. 5767-5770; Mavila, S., Rozenberg, I., Lemcoff, N.G., (2014) Chem. Sci., 5, pp. 4196-4203; Willenbacher, J., Wuest, K.N.R., Mueller, J.O., Kaupp, M., Wagenknecht, H.-A., Barner-Kowollik, C., (2014) ACS Macro Lett., 3, pp. 574-579; Sonogashira, K., Tohda, Y., Hagihara, N., (1975) Tetrahedron Lett., 16, pp. 4467-4470; Ferguson, G., McCrindle, R., McAlees, A.J., Parvez, M., (1982) Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Crystallogr. Cryst. Chem., 38, pp. 2679-2681; Otsuka, S., (1980) J. Organomet. Chem., 200, pp. 191-205; He, J., Tremblay, L., Lacelle, S., Zhao, Y., (2011) Soft Matter, 7, pp. 2380-2386; Gavrilov, M., Monteiro, M.J., (2015) Eur. Polym. J., 65, pp. 191-196; Monteiro, M.J., (2015) Eur. Polym. J., 65, pp. 197-201; Young-Inn, K., Chan-Kyou, J., Yong-Min, L., Sung-Nak, C., (2002) Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 23, pp. 1754-1758; Ranjbar, M., Fardindoost, S., Mahdavi, S.M., Iraji Zad, A., Tahmasebi, G.N., (2011) Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, 95, pp. 2335-2340
Keywords: Chains, Chlorine compounds, Copolymerization, Copolymers, Dynamic light scattering, Ligands, Light scattering, Nanoparticles, Normal distribution, Nuclear magnetic logging, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Organic polymers, Polymers, Size exclusion chromatography, Styrene, Synthesis (chemical), X ray photoelectron spectroscopy, 1 ,5-cyclooctadiene, H NMR spectroscopy, Hydrodynamic diameter, Log-normal distribution, Post-polymerization, Precursor complexes, Sonogashira coupling, Spin-spin relaxation time, Palladium compounds
DOI: 10.1039/c5py00389j
ISSN: 17599954
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 22 Sep 2016 04:50
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2016 03:38

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page