Determining Free-Radical Propagation Rate Coefficients with High-Frequency Lasers: Current Status and Future Perspectives

Kockler, K. B., Haehnel, A. P., Junkers, T., & Barner-Kowollik, C. (2016) Determining Free-Radical Propagation Rate Coefficients with High-Frequency Lasers: Current Status and Future Perspectives. Macromolecular Rapid Communications, 37(2).

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Abstract

Detailed knowledge of the polymerization mechanisms and kinetics of academically and industrially relevant monomers is mandatory for the precision synthesis of tailor-made polymers. The IUPAC-recommended pulsed-laser polymerization-size exclusion chromatography (PLP-SEC) approach is the method of choice for the determination of propagation rate coefficients and the associated Arrhenius parameters for free radical polymerization processes. With regard to specific monomer classes - such as acrylate-type monomers, which are very important from a materials point of view - high laser frequencies of up to 500 Hz are mandatory to prevent the formation of mid-chain radicals and the occurrence of chain-breaking events by chain transfer, if industrially relevant temperatures are to be reached and wide temperature ranges are to be explored (up to 70 C). Herein the progress and state-of-the-art of high-frequency PLP-SEC with pulse repetition rates of 500 Hz is reported, with a critical collection of to-date investigated 500 Hz data as well as future perspectives for the field. The pulsed laser polymerization-size exclusion chromatography (PLP-SEC) approach is the method of choice for the investigation of propagation rate coefficients and Arrhenius parameters in free radical polymerization. An overview of the state-of-the-art of high-frequency PLP and monomers studied via 500 Hz PLP is provided and observed trends and family-type behavior are critically described, jointly with a future perspective for the field. © 2015 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

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ID Code: 99469
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Cited By :1
Export Date: 5 September 2016
CODEN: MRCOE
Correspondence Address: Junkers, T.; Polymer Reaction Design Group, Institute for Materials Research, Universiteit Hasselt, Martelarenlaan 42, Belgium; email: thomas.junkers@uhasselt.be
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Keywords: free radical polymerization, free radicals, lasers, PLP-SEC, propagation rate coefficients, pulsed laser polymerization, size exclusion chromatography, Acrylics, Atom transfer radical polymerization, Chains, Chromatography, Monomers, Pulse repetition rate, Pulsed lasers, Arrhenius parameters, High-frequency lasers, Polymerization mechanisms, Propagation rate coefficient, Tailor-made polymers, Wide temperature ranges
DOI: 10.1002/marc.201500503
ISSN: 10221336
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 22 Sep 2016 04:50
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2016 04:03

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