Towards the discovery of learner metacognition from reflective writing

Gibson, Andrew, Kitto, Kirsty, & Bruza, Peter (2016) Towards the discovery of learner metacognition from reflective writing. Journal of Learning Analytics, 3(2), pp. 22-36.

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Modern society demands renewed attention on the competencies required to best equip students for a dynamic and uncertain future. We present exploratory work based on the premise that metacognitive and reflective competencies are essential for this task. Bringing the concepts of metacognition and reflection together into a conceptual model within which we conceived of them as both a set of similar features, and as a spectrum ranging from the unconscious inner-self through to the conscious external social self. This model was used to guide exploratory computational analysis of 6090 instances of reflective writing authored by undergraduate students. We found the conceptual model to be useful in informing the computational analysis, which in turn showed potential for automating the discovery of metacognitive activity in reflective writing, an approach that holds promise for the generation of formative feedback for students as they work towards developing core 21st century competencies.

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ID Code: 99618
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Metacognition, Reflection, Reflective writing Analytics, Computational Analysis, Natural Language Processing, Learning Analytics, 21st Century Competencies, HERN
DOI: 10.18608/jla.2016.32.3
ISSN: 1929-7750
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Information Systems
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 The Authors
Copyright Statement: The Journal of Learning Analytics works under a Creative Commons License, Attribution - NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Deposited On: 29 Sep 2016 23:18
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2016 22:41

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