Predicting sun-protective intentions and behaviours using the theory of planned behaviour: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Starfelt Sutton, Louise C. & White, Katherine M. (2016) Predicting sun-protective intentions and behaviours using the theory of planned behaviour: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychology and Health, 31(11), pp. 1272-1292.
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- To synthesise theory of planned behaviour (TPB) relationships, using meta-analysis, and test the predictive utility of the model for sun protection behaviour.
- Thirty-eight samples were identified via database/manual searches and academic society posts based on the criteria: measuring sun-protective intentions and/or prospective behaviour; using the TPB/theory of reasoned action as a basis of measurement; and providing bivariate correlations for at least one relevant TPB association.
Main outcome measures
- Sun-protective intentions and behaviours.
- The sample-weighted average effects were moderate-to-strong with attitudes showing the strongest association with intention (r+ = 0.494), followed by perceived behavioural control (PBC; r+ = 0.451), and subjective norm (r+ = 0.419). Intentions showed a stronger association with prospective behaviour (r+ = 0.486) compared to PBC (r+ = 0.314). A total of 39% of variance in intentions and 25% of variance in behaviour were explained. Publication bias was not evident. Moderator analyses showed that TPB associations were stronger when measures specified the Target, Action, Context and Time; in non-student samples; and when follow-up exceeded two weeks.
- Despite recent criticism, this review shows that the TPB explains a large amount of variance in sun protection and that TPB associations are robust across different populations.
Impact and interest:
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||: sun protection;, sunscreen, skin cancer, theory of planned behaviour;, theory of reasoned action, meta-analysis|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Social and Community Psychology (170113)
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2016 Taylor & Francis|
|Deposited On:||10 Oct 2016 23:27|
|Last Modified:||25 Oct 2016 04:38|
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