Anion effect on lithium electrodeposition from N‐propyl‐N‐methylpyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide ionic liquid electrolytes

Basile, Andrew, Bhatt, Anand I., & O'Mullane, Anthony P. (2016) Anion effect on lithium electrodeposition from N‐propyl‐N‐methylpyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide ionic liquid electrolytes. Electrochimica Acta, 215, pp. 19-28.

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Abstract

The electrodeposition of lithium metal from room temperature ionic liquid (RTIL) electrolytes consisting of N-propyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (Pyr13[FSI]) with LiFSI, LiTFSI, LiBF4, LiPF6 or LiAsF6 salts onto Pt and Li electrodes was undertaken to identify mechanistic details. Cyclic voltammetry at both Pt and Li electrodes is complicated by the chemical reaction between fresh/electrodeposited Li metal and electrolyte to form a solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI). As such, all electrolyte systems depict quasi-reversible cycling, owing to the concomitant chemical breakdown of the electrolyte and deposition of a passivation product onto the electrode surface. The rate at which the SEI forms can be observed through cyclic voltammetric scan rate studies. Chronoamperometry data supports the cyclic voltammetry studies and indicates that an instantaneous nucleation and growth type mechanism is taking place at all potentials as determined through modelling the current-time transients utilising the Hills-Scharifker theory. We show herein that these RTIL based electrolytes can be cycled effectively in an order of stability of salt inclusion as follows: LiBF4 > LiFSI > LiAsF6 > LiTFSI > LiPF6.

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ID Code: 99820
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: room temperature ionic liquid, cyclic voltammetry, nucleation and growth, electrodeposition, chronoamperometry
DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2016.08.075
ISSN: 0013-4686
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Electrochemistry (030604)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Funding:
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2016 Published by Elsevier Ltd
Deposited On: 11 Oct 2016 22:43
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 04:40

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