An evaluation of Cloninger’s Structural Model of Personality: Revising the relationship between temperament and character

O'Connor, Peter J. (2011) An evaluation of Cloninger’s Structural Model of Personality: Revising the relationship between temperament and character. In 15th Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences (ISSID), 25 - 28 July 2011, London. (Unpublished)


Cloninger, Svrakic and Przybeck (1993) proposed an influential general, clinically focused model of personality which explains behavior in terms of independent components of temperament and character. In this research we revise Cloninger et al.’s model and argue that temperament and character are not independent, but that character mediates temperament along approach and avoidance pathways. We provide a theoretical and empirical justification for our proposed revisions based on research conducted on Cloninger et al.’s model over the last 20 years. Then, across three studies we provide a psychometric evaluation of the proposed revisions in terms of factor structure and construct validity. In study 1 we use confirmatory factor analysis to compare the original and revised structural models (sample size = 780). In studies 2 (sample size = 322) and 3 (sample size = 70) we test the construct validity of our revised model by demonstrating that character mediates temperament in the prediction of a range of positive and negative applied outcomes.

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ID Code: 99944
Item Type: Conference Item (Presentation)
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Temperament, Character, Personality, Cloninger, Model
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
Copyright Owner: 2011 The Author
Deposited On: 13 Oct 2016 01:38
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 01:38

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